MusicKnowledge on the Violin
Knowledge on the Violin12

Knowledge on the Violin

Violin is one of the most beautiful sounds and the most popular instrument among musical instruments. There are different types of violins in different sizes, the simplest type of violin is the acoustic violin.

Playing and learning music has been of great interest to humans since ancient times. Music can make life better and it can also create valuable and beautiful leisure time in life. Stringed and bowed instruments are very popular because of the soft, warm and pleasant sound they produce.

The violin is also one of the very old bowed and stringed instruments that produces a very beautiful and pleasant sound. Apart from the fact that the violin solo is very pleasant and beautiful, the music produced by this instrument is also very pleasant and attractive along with other musical instruments. In the rest of this article, we will learn more about the violin, so stay with us until the end.

What is a violin?

The violin is a type of bowed string instrument that It plays an important role in the orchestra, both individually and collectively, and the violin is also called the king of instruments.The violin is usually used for western classical music and jazz music.

What is a violin

Types of violins and violin family:

The violin family includes three types of instruments: cello, viola, and violin. In addition, acoustic violin and electric violin are types of violins.

Acoustic violin:

This type of violin is the simplest among violins and is very suitable for beginners.

Electric violin:

This violin has an electric sound output, and its material is made of metal, and it is used in pop and rock styles. These types of violins weigh less than other violins and also have more strings than acoustic violins.

Violin Viola:

This violin is similar to acoustic violins and the one who plays it puts it on his shoulder like a violin. This instrument is bigger than the violin and its pitch is slightly lower than that of the violin. The sound produced by this instrument is penetrating, rich, dark and relaxing.

Cello Violin:

The cello is very large and in order to play it, This instrument is not placed on the player’s shoulder And the player has to sit down and place it on a stand on its end on the floor and place it on a stand on its end on the floor between his legs. The cello handle should be placed above the player’s left shoulder and the player should play the bow horizontally on the strings and the player should play the bow horizontally on the strings.

double bass:

This feeling is one of the largest members of the family of bowed string instruments, and in order to play it, the player must place the instrument standing next to him. in such a way that its handle should be placed higher than the player’s left shoulder and play it like a cello by pulling the bow horizontally.

Where did the violin come from?

Early musicians differed on the origin of the violin, some of them thought that the violin was of Italian origin, and others said that the completed violin was the harp. And for the first time, it came from Arab countries.

In the beginning, this instrument had a hole on its body, but gradually with the passage of time, this hole was removed and it was changed to an instrument with three strings. And finally became the evolved violin of today. The violin evolved in Europe after the 11th century and was widespread.

The first person to play the violin was the Italian Gasparo Bertoletti, who was also known as the inventor of this instrument. Although more than three centuries have passed since the invention of the first violin by Gasparo Bertoletti,but  there has been no change in the structure of this instrument until today.

Where did the violin come from

Parts of a violin:

Usually, violins weigh 400 grams and are made of 58 pieces.In the following, we will explain the components of the violin.

Arshe or the same bow:

This part of the violin is a piece of wood, along which strings of horse tail hair are stretched and fixed to the two heads.

sound box:

This box consists of three sections: the top plate, the bottom plate, and the side panels. This instrument has a bow and strings made of ebony wood and is more durable.

handle or neck:

After the ebony wood, there are pieces of strings, on top of which is the fingering of the musician. The player can place the fingering on the entire length of the ebony wood. At the end of the handle, there is a small box or tuning box where the wires are wrapped around the tuning forks.

the vault:

The vault communicates between the strings and the resonator box. The vault has the role of keeping the wires at a certain height to move on the resonator box, dividing the path of the wires and also transferring the vibrations of the strings to the resonator box. There is also a small wooden cylinder inside the sound box that transfers vibrations to the bottom plate of the instrument and leads to the fact that the pressure of the strings does not damage the top plate of the instrument.


The fret is the part of the violin to which the player attaches the string with his finger, and is attached along the length of the violin neck, extending almost to the middle of the fretboard. Grips are made of ebony. The player plucks the string with his finger, so the length of the string is shortened and he can play different notes.

Wire grabber:

This part of the violin is placed near the vault and is stretched to the end of the violin body. The wire holder is made of ebony wood.


Usually, in the past, violin strings were made from sheep intestines, but today, they are made from metal wire, and in the bass strings, thin metal wire is wound on it.


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