MusicList of different genres of jazz music
List of different genres of jazz music

List of different genres of jazz music

Jazz was one of the first truly universal arts. It was first performed by African Americans in the early 20th century, especially in the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. At the time, New Orleans was a seething bubble of mixed cultures—African, European, Caribbean, and Native American traditions all blended together in the city where the Mississippi River meets the Atlantic Ocean. So it’s no surprise that New Orleans musicians are inspired to create a unique blend of musical styles. Dixieland jazz is upbeat and eclectic, dominated by brass sounds and soulful harmonies. It also uses a lot of improvisation, or the musicians making up the song as they go, breaking off from each other and coming up with new ideas mid-performance.

Over the next several decades, New Orleans musicians migrated to other parts of the country, and soon jazz ideas spread around the world. By the 1960s, you could find jazz bands everywhere from Tokyo to Kinshasa, and the humble sound of New Orleans had evolved into a dazzling variety of regional styles.

List of different genres of jazz music

Today, we see various genres of jazz music. Jazz began its life among African-Americans in New Orleans, USA. This style of music was gradually born from the late 19th century with the roots of blues and ragtime music. Jazz music is considered as the classic music of the United States of America.

Since the popularity of jazz in the 1920s, “jazz music” has been an umbrella term for a range of performance forms in music. The origin and installation of jazz music, which goes back to the European-American music groups and its cultural ancestors, which reach to African-American music, created a trend in music that we call jazz music.

List of different genres of jazz music

The character of jazz music is known by the blue note and the call-and-response pattern in singing, which is similar to the blues music style. The main difference between jazz and blues is revealed in the swing style and the dominance of improvisation on the performance. When the intellectuals considered it as the original form of American art, it was gradually recognized in the world.

  • Acid Jazz
  • Avant-Garde Jazz
  • Bebop
  • Big Band
  • Blue Note
  • Contemporary Jazz
  • Cool
  • Crossover Jazz
  • Dixieland
  • Ethio-jazz
  • Fusion
  • Gypsy Jazz
  • Hard Bop
  • Latin Jazz
  • Mainstream Jazz
  • Ragtime
  • Smooth Jazz
  • Trad Jazz

The roots of jazz music

One of the most attractive aspects of jazz music is that over time, each of the musicians have displayed their perception and understanding of this style of music in their own improvised performances, and this has caused changes and transformations in this music genre. It is improvisation that makes jazz so memorable.
As we said, this movement was born at the end of the 19th century. When the folk songs of African slaves were able to influence European and American classical music. The slaves who were in New Orleans came specifically from West Africa, which is why West African culture formed the roots of jazz music.

The roots of jazz music

The harmonic style of church hymns was combined with the spiritual spirit found in African music and became the basis for the emergence of a style in music that is very rich in emotional arousal. As the 19th century wore on, black musicians learned how to play western instruments in their local ceremonies and dances.

Following the popularity of jazz music style, American-European musicians also performed music with black face makeup and made this style famous at the global level. It can be said that the past music styles and the legacy left by different ethnicities in the history of jazz music caused the transformation and development of jazz by influencing each other.
Following the American Civil War and to limit the freedom of blacks, it was forbidden for them to play drums. Hence, in order to preserve their musical rhythmic tradition, they preserved it in the rhythm of clapping, dancing and stomping. Although in the Caribbean, African rhythms were preserved and transferred to New Orleans through Cuban and Haitian immigrants.

Influential factors in the history of jazz music

Afro-American music was mixed with Afro-Cuban motifs thanks to the twice-daily ferries that traveled from Havana (the capital of Cuba) to New Orleans. Hence, Cuban music became an important part of African-American music, which gradually gained more popularity.
After slavery was outlawed in America, many African-American immigrants began their careers as musicians and composers.
Their ability to entertain when ragtime music was becoming popular shows that ragtime music had a great influence on African American music and, of course, jazz music.

Blues music has also played a major role in the formation of jazz music. Blues music was developing almost at the same time that jazz music was developing, and the main difference was in the regions from which they originated. The origins of blues music can be traced back to work songs, religious songs and African rituals.

By comparing jazz and blues music and considering the many similarities between blues and jazz music, it is wise to consider the blues style as important in the development and evolution of jazz music. The popular music in New Orleans at that time left a deep impact on jazz music. The culture of New Orleans was such that it not only accepted slaves, but also adopted some of their cultural characteristics, such as drumming and voodoo.

Influential factors in the history of jazz music

Little by little, the fact that black musicians were performing jazz music in cafes and bars in certain neighborhoods of the city became a part of the identity of New Orleans, and on the other hand, it made this music popular and widespread. Another feature of the New Orleans culture were the European marching bands, which, in addition to performing at funerals, performed in the black communities of the southern states of America. These groups took the features of jazz music from these regions with them to the northern and western regions of the country.
The most important rhythmic technique used in jazz music is swissang. The influence of swing on jazz music is undeniable. Swing can be defined as a momentary and fleeting rhythm that permeates every part of the structure of this music.

In other parts of the country, in the early 20th century, ragtime and blues musicians influenced each other in terms of performance and melody, simultaneously with the spread of jazz. Today, jazz music is a combination of many styles in music.

Jazz music is known for its improvisation, which is in its essence and has remained one of the main features of this style of music over time. Jazz music today is influenced by musicians such as Doug Ellington, Miles Davis and other musicians of the first half of the 20th century.

Features of jazz music

One of the musical characteristics that unites all forms of jazz is the emphasis on free expression. By definition, this can be many forms

Have! Jazz musicians often find themselves improvising, making spontaneous changes in melody, and creating new musical ideas.

They talk to each other. The result is a loose, rolling sound that teeters on the edge of chaos without falling.

Rhythmically, jazz mixes heavily. When musicians emphasize “off” beats instead of “down” beats,

Syncopation occurs. The result is a bouncy sound that immediately gets people on their feet dancing. In more modern jazz styles,

This harmony has reached such a point that it may be difficult to find the beat at all! This type of rhythm is not designed for dancing

is more of a musical adventure, an attempt to explore the outer limits of jazz music. Finally, jazz is often highly polyphonic, meaning it uses many sounds at once—many layers.

Features of jazz music

It is created from harmony on a main melody. In some subgenres of jazz, this is done by adding a large number of musicians

It is done that each of them can have a different song (this is known as “Big Band”).

In others, it is performed by several musicians playing a complex arrangement of notes. Think of a piano player

who uses all his fingers simultaneously to make a very complex chord while a fast player

The trumpet jumps from note to note – these two musicians alone can achieve great polyphonic complexity even without a large band.

find Like rhythm, jazz polyphony can be taken to extremes in some avant-garde jazz. Find the melody under all the layers

Dissonant harmony becomes difficult!Jazz became mainstream in the 1920s and 30s, now called the “Jazz Age”. A popular subgenre of music in those days

Swing, a relaxed and cheerful style of dancehall using large bands, a heavy emphasis on brass instruments, and usually a piano and drum kit for

It was maintaining rhythm and harmony.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top